Therefore, document analysis counters the concerns related to reflexivity or the lack of it inherent in other qualitative research methods. Another concern to be aware of before beginning document analysis, and to keep in mind during, is the potential presence of biases, Document analysis qualitative research in a document and from the researcher.
In other types of research, the investigator should guard against over-reliance on documents. There is the question of how many documents the researcher should gather. In the process, the researcher should strive for objectivity and sensitivity, and maintain balance between both.
When documents are being used for verification or support, however, even a few can provide an effective means of completing the research. Analyzing documents incorporates coding content into themes similar to how focus group or interview transcripts are analyzed Bowen, In Jamaica, where I did fieldwork for the study, the Social Fund is a major antipoverty initiative of the national government.
Document analysis involves skimming superficial examinationreading thorough exam- inationand interpretation. In cases where previous studies are used as a data source, it is important to examine more than the research findings. Detailed information about how the study was designed and conducted should be provided in the research report.
This analysis takes emerging themes and makes them into categories used for further analysis, making it a useful practice for grounded theory.
The Qualitative Report, 9 2— What has been rather glaring is the absence of sufficient detail in most reports found in the reviewed literature, regarding the procedure followed and the outcomes of the analyses of documents.
Rather, they should establish the meaning of the document and its contribution to the issues being explored. Know the data one is searching Document analysis qualitative research.
Impact of training on leadership development: These are really potential flaws rather than major disadvantages. Some qualitative research experts may object to content analysis, contending as Silverman did, that it obscures the interpretive processes that turn talk into text.
I reviewed line, phrase, sentence, and paragraph segments from the documents and other sources to code the data. Some documents may only provide a small amount of useful data or sometimes none at all.
He or she should also consider whether the author was a firsthand witness or used secondhand sources. The documents from which I mined data were incomplete, fragmentary, and selective, in that only the positive aspects of the subproject or of the sponsoring organisation were documented.
Minutes of meetings of community-based organisations told me about subproject activ- ities in local communities. Concerns to Keep in Mind When Using Document Analysis The disadvantages of using document analysis are not so much limitations as they are potential concerns to be aware of before choosing the method or when using it.
Rather, it is a process of 34 Qualitative Research Journal, vol. I scrutinised and compared data with data and with codes in order to organise ideas and pinpoint concepts that seemed to cluster together. Even subtle changes in a draft can reflect substantive developments in a project, for example Yin, Document analysis as a qualitative research method.
This article contributes to strengthening the knowledge base and advancing un- derstanding of document analysis as a qualitative research method.
Another concern to be aware of before beginning document analysis, and to keep in mind during, is the potential presence of biases, both in a document and from the researcher. Consequently, they usually do not provide sufficient detail to answer a research question.
Constraints, compromises and choice: Similarly, Hansen analysed journal entries and memos written by participants, as a supplement to interview data, in his study of technology teachers in training. Bowen notes that some experts object to this kind of analysis, saying that it obscures the interpretive process in the case of interview transcriptions Bowen, Codes were clustered into substantive categories, and these category codes were compared across interview transcripts, observational data, respondent feedback, and data from documents.
The interviews did not unearth this set of data. Content analysis, documents, grounded theory, thematic analysis, triangulation.Whereas document analysis has served mostly as a complement to other research methods. ). there are some specialised forms of qualitative research that rely solely on the analysis of documents.
Wild. it has also been used as a stand-alone method.5/5(1).
This article examines the function of documents as a data source in qualitative research and discusses document analysis procedure in the context of actual research experiences.
Targeted to research novices, the article takes a nuts‐and‐bolts approach to document analysis. It describes the nature and forms of documents, outlines the advantages and limitations of document analysis, and.
Document analysis is a form of qualitative research in which documents are interpreted by the researcher to give voice and meaning around an assessment topic (Bowen, ). Analyzing documents incorporates coding content into themes similar to how focus group or. Help Document Analysis Qualitative Research Document analysis qualitative research is an important method in determining similarities and differences in human behavior.
It is widely used in the Social Sciences, but it also an essential part of market analysis in business and finance. Document Analysis as a Qualitative Research Method Glenn A.
Bowen WESTERN CAROLINA UNIVERSITY ABSTRACT This article examines the function of documents as a data source in qualitative research and.
Document Analysis as a Qualitative Research Technique in Assessing Oral Health Policy Elizabeth G.
Blundell, BSc • To serve as a description of the methodology of document.Download